Emergency Nokia 2126 Phone Charger

Let me be the first to say that despite my love of all things high tech, I don’t really see the point in replacing a cell phone every year or so. I have been using a TracFone Nokia 2126 for the past 4 years. It used to belong to my father, which makes it about 8 to 10 years old. All I use it for is talking and the occasional text message. I have never spoken more than 60 minutes a month, and I have certainly never payed more than $200 a year for service. In fact, I use the thing so sparingly that I routinely let the battery go dead and forget to charge it for a day or two. However, it is only a matter of time before my phone sees more use. I will eventually have a full time job and when I do my employer and coworkers will probably be calling constantly. It would be nice to have a way to charge my phone on the go.

The above video has been making the rounds on tech and hacking blogs. In it, the uploader purchases a few parts from a Radio Shack and then uses the parts to build a battery-powered phone charger right on the store’s front counter. While it most certainly works, when I first saw the video the design kinda rubbed me the wrong way. Don’t get me wrong here, as it most certainly works, but I know that a much more versatile charger could be made by simply adding a voltage regulator. This way, a multitude of different batteries could be used to charge the phone.

This is a very simple project that you can easily do yourself. All the parts and tools can easily be had at a Radio Shack, assuming they have not eliminated their electronics components section. Also, with just a little tweaking, the charger could be made to work with numerous other phones.

Emergency Phone Charger

The Emergency Phone Charger in all its glory!

Parts List:
9V battery clip
Diode
0.1 μF capacitor
1 μF capacitor
LM317T adjustable voltage regulator
330 Ω resistor
1 kΩ resistor
150 Ω resistor
3.5 mm x 1.3 mm barrel plug (Radio Shack calls it a Size H plug)
Wire and breadboard

All we are doing is creating a voltage regulator circuit using the LM317T that outputs 5.7 volts, the voltage generated by the phone charger used to charge the Nokia 2126 and similar phones. The diode is used to keep the battery from being connected the wrong way and destroying the regulator. Remember that the tip of the barrel jack is center positive.

Phone Charger Schematic

Like I said: simple.

A switch, a case, and an LED to tell you that it is on and you are ready to talk for days: (sarcastic) woo! Better yet, you are prepared for any number of natural disasters that may knock out consumer power. Assuming the cell towers still have power (very likely as most telecommunication companies use back up generators of some type) you can keep in contact with family and emergency personell: (enthusiastic, Boy Scout “Be Prepared”) woo!

Categories: Projects
Nov
1

The Past 5 Months in a Nutshell

From left to right: Leo Saruwatari, Justin Harris, Ben Edwards, John Bass, myself, and Ron Padalino.

So, my attempts at posting regularly seem to have failed (see my New Year’s To-Do List). I now have a little bit of time, so let me try to fill you in on some of the highlights of the past five months.

I helped build a robot for a robotics competition as part of my senior design project (our team took 17th out of 33). I helped write a final report on said robot, specifically, about the electrical subsystem and how it could be improved in a future iteration of the robot design. Reports were written and turned in, exams were taken, a room was cleaned out, and a black robe with mortar board and orange tassel was worn. A cover letter was written, a resume was updated, and well over 70 jobs have been applied to (no bites just yet). Future projects were conceived and committed to paper, but are nowhere near finished (more on them later). My amplifier is still in pieces, but I think I solved the problem with its ever-blowing fuses (I think the wiring in my old dorm room was bad). I think I know where the hum on the left channel is coming from, but it requires a new PCB to be built. If you are still wondering if I will be making extra boards available, I’m still considering it. I just want to have my amp working flawlessly first. Finally, I’ve moved in with my parents as I search for my first job.

Graduation

Four years for an empty diploma holder. The diploma arrived in the mail a month later.


So, quite a bit happened there. Some of it I will be elaborating on further in later posts (the robot project, for instance). The website is in need of updating and there is not much else I can do given my current position. Keep an eye on Gilberti Industries. With luck, I can get myself into a post a week habit.

Categories: Uncategorized
Jul
3

New Year’s Project List

1. Fix up the website. The colors look great on some computers and horrible on others. I may need some help in that regard.

2. Build a backup, solar-powered battery supply for my iPod Touch. I love my relatively new iPod. It replaces my too small iPod Nano and my Palm Tungsten T2, lets me check my email and favorite websites on the go, and I have just discovered the joy of watching “Top Gear” on it. Problem is, the battery lasts maybe a day or two before it needs to be recharged.

3. Send out resumes. It is time to be looking for a job.

4. Talk to someone who actually knows what it is like to be an engineer in the United States Air Force. I’m giving this particular career choice a serious amount of thought.

5. Finish the amplifier before the end of the school year. That includes revising the PCB, fabricating a cabinet, and figuring out why it keeps blowing fuses.

6. Do something neat with MATLab and an Arduino as part of an independent study.

7. Get rid of the leftover ArduinoBoy printed circuit boards.

8. With any luck, get myself published on the MAKE Magazine blog.

9. Get into a routine of posting at least once a month, or better yet twice a month.

10. Exercise more. Yes, a very common New Year’s resolution, but I could really use some exercise, especially if I go through with the Air Force job. Plus I wanted the list to be at least 10 items long.

Categories: Projects
Dec
27

What a Test!

It works. Wow does it work!

Went to the campus wood shop after class to cut the aluminum plates for the amplifier’s cabinet. It took several hours of cutting, filing, and drilling to create the three plates making up the bottom, the back, and the switch and fuse panel. However, it was worth it. With the plates fabricated, I had a basic chassis to attach the amplifier and its many support parts to.

I’ve been at it since marching band class ended 9:30 last night. Only finished it within the last hour. While the MAKE Magazine article suggested connecting a dummy load first and measuring the voltage across it, I could not get that to work. Instead, I jumped right into it and connected the amp to the speakers left over from my old boom box. I was greeted by a 440Hz sine wave coming out of Pure Data. I quickly moved on to a more “entertaining” test.

Amplifier Skeleton

Amplifier Skeleton

Wow. Just wow. Ross Hershberger wasn’t lying when he said this thing sounds like a million bucks. It’s just like listening to my dad’s 600W behemoth of a stereo back at home. If I closed my eyes, I could imagine myself front and center at an ELO concert, afros bobbing in time to “Latitude 88 North”. This amplifier is well worth the pain.

Unfortunately, my joy is tempered somewhat by two things. First off, I still don’t have a cabinet, and the amp takes up a fair bit of space on my work bench. Second, when there is no input signal, there is a bit of a low hum. It’s going to get old fast, and I don’t think I have the skills or know how to track down the source of the hum myself, but just having great sounding music in my dorm again more than makes up for it.

Have you built your own Bare Bones Amp? Maybe you have some insight into my noise problem. Feel free to post your comments and suggestions below.

EDIT: Just found one potential source of interference. I think the amplifiers may be creating a ground loop (a path in which two ends of a grounded node come back to each other). The mounting hardware I ordered to heat sink the ICs came with metal rather than nylon nuts and bolts. I figured it would be okay, however, because the kit also included a plastic washer that fits within the IC’s mounting holes, which I assumed was to keep the bolts from making contact with the IC chassis. Turns out the washer is doing bupkis. I’ll order some nylon hardware later this week and hope for the best. If you know any other reasons for the noise, however, by all means share. This may not be the only problem with my design.

Also, I found out why my initial tests failed: I had my voltohm meter set for amps instead of volts. Stupid.

Categories: Projects
Tags: ,
Nov
9

Getting the Board Together


I finally had some time this weekend to work on the amplifier board, and for your viewing pleasure, I recorded it with my iPod Touch.  It took a little less than 45 minutes to populate the board, but I sped up the video so you can see it completed in 4.  In building the circuit, however, I encountered a few errors that I will want to rectify in future versions of the board, should I decide to build another amplifier.  One or two of the components are a little too close for comfort.  At least two capacitors are in direct contact with each other, and two resistors have their solder pads close enough that an unskilled individual could easily bridge the gap.  Also, I haven’t been able to test the circuit just yet.  The idea of having a live 110V AC line exposed on my workbench makes me more than a little unsettled.  It appears I will not be able to test the circuit until I have a cabinet I can store it in.

Despite this, I’m quite proud of how the board came out.  I am one step closer to having a working stereo once again.

Categories: Projects
Tags: ,
Nov
1

Getting There


Board and Chips

Been a while since I updated the blog.  I’m going to have to try to get into a routine to try to post at least once a week.  In the meantime, the amplifier ICs arrived last week from Digi-Key and my custom board arrived this Monday.  I’ve also been sketching up different potential designs for the cabinet and made sure the campus wood shop has all the tools and supplies I need to make it.

Categories: Projects
Tags: ,
Oct
15

Arduino Uno and its USB

For those of you who are totally out of the DIY electronics scene, the guys of the Arduino Team have just released a new version of the Arduino microcontroller called the Uno.  The Uno’s main claim to fame over its predecessor, the Duemilanove, is the new USB to serial chip used for programming and communicating with the Arduino’s ATMega328.  The Duemilanove, its predecessors, and the many and varied Arduino clones, all used the FTDI USB to serial chip for programming and communications between the computer and the microcontroller.  About the only thing the FTDI had going for it was its ease of implementation and its free drivers.  The new Uno instead uses a small Atmel microcontroller with built-in USB capabilities to serve as a translator between USB and serial.  That chip, the ATMega8U2, is causing a lot of buzz amongst the Arduino crowd because it, like the ATMega328 it programs, is programmable itself.  By shorting out a jumper on the bottom of the board, the user can program the ATMega8U2 to act as a completely different USB device.  The Arduino can now communicate with a host computer in new and exciting ways, able to emmulate a mouse or keyboard, or able to act as a MIDI device.  This opens up new possibilities for Arduino projects, like random password generators or musical instrunments, with a much lower investment and smaller bill of materials.  The fact that the ATMega8U2 requires no drivers and supports faster serial speeds than the FTDI is just icing on the cake.

Unfortunately, as pointed out on the Arduino forums, manufacturers of Arduino clones will have some difficulty in implementing the new ATMega8U2.  Universal Serial Bus, or USB, utilizes a device identification scheme that relies on two six digit hexadecimal numbers, a vendor ID (VID) and a product ID (PID), to identify the device in question.  The VID identifies the manufacturer of the device, the PID identifies the device type, and a manufacturer’s serial number identifies the instance of the device, so that if multiple devices of the same type are plugged in, the computer can tell the difference between them.  Each unique VID comes with a little over 56,000 PIDs.  The problem is that VIDs are not cheap.  VID numbers are assigned by the USB Implementers Forum, or USB-IF, a non-profit organization made up mostly of the original developers of the USB standard.  They are responsible for the assignment of VIDs.  They don’t just give away VIDs to everyone who asks.  A single VID costs about $2,000 (that does not include licensing fees) and are only sold to legitimate corporations, not individuals or groups of individuals.  This means that for garage salesmen like myself, the cost of developing and selling USB hardware is prohibitively high.  Since the majority of Arduino clones are built by fellow garage salesmen, these clones are unlikely to ever benefit from the use of the ATMega8U2.

Does this bother me?  A little.  It means that my idea to build and sell a new serial adapter based on the ATMega8U2 for Arduino clones that lack the USB to serial chip, like Sparkfun’s Arduino Pro or Modern Device’s Really Bare Bones Board, is very much impossible at this time.  However, I can still build such a device for my own personal use and distribute the source material freely.  I could easily use the Arduino Team’s VID and the Arduino Uno PID to ensure compatibility, and so long as I made no attempt to mass produce my design, nobody would mind.  This only really affects the end user who may not be savvy enough to build and program their own adapter.  Even then, it is only a matter of time for Sparkfun or another semi-large do-it-yourself electronics company to buy a VID and get to producing these new adapters.

So, about those worry warts out on the Arduino forum that say this move is making the Arduino more closed than open: horse hockey.  The design remains as open as ever, and you are free to do as you will.  The only difference now is that it is a little more difficult to sell one particular part of the new Arduino design.  If you have a great product idea that implements the Uno’s ATMega8U2, but don’t have the cash to buy a VID, partner up with another open-source company that already has one.

Categories: Thoughts
Tags:
Oct
2

BBA Board Ready for Fabrication

Revised BBA Layout 9/20/10

Revised Bare Bones Amplifier

I had some free time this afternoon and was able to adjust my layout for the MAKE Bare Bones Amplifier.  The only real modifications I made was the removal of the ground plane in favor of a star ground connection and the re-maneuvering of a few parts to try to get the ground lines a little shorter.  Coincidentally, I will be sending out the fabrication files this evening to BatchPCB, a low-volume printed circuit board fabrication company.  With any luck, I should have the board in a week or two, ready to be populated.  If all goes well, I should have a working stereo again by the end of October.  As usual, stay tuned for future updates.

You can find a copy of the revised board and other BBA resources here.

In other news, you may have noticed that there is currently a single item for sale in the For Sale area of this site.  I finally finished up the last of the ArduinoBoys I had lying around on Friday and put them up for sale early Saturday morning.  Out of the initial 15 for sale, there is but one left.  This lone ArduinoBoy will be the last one I will be selling for some time, as I currently do not have the time in which to build anymore.  If you have been looking to buy an ArduinoBoy from me, this may be your last chance.

Categories: For Sale,Projects
Sep
20

Website Redesign

After a quick crash course in WordPress child themes, I have been successful in modifying a theme that had the layout I wanted into what I needed.  So far, I’m happy with it, but there are still plenty of changes I want to make (for instance, use a full size Gilberti Industries logo for the header title).

Those of you who are using Internet Explorer may have some problems viewing this page as a direct result.  This page uses a lot of transparent PNGs, and the last time I used IE I noticed that it turns transparencies white rather than displaying what is behind the graphic.  This may not hold true for IE 8, but it is still in your best interest to use something else for your web browsing needs.  I recommend Mozilla’s Firefox or Apple’s Safari.

Categories: Website
Sep
10

MAKE Magazine Bare Bones Amplifier

MAKE Amplifier

Printed circuit board of the MAKE Issue 23 Amplifier Project.

Last winter, after returning to school from vacation, I turned on my computer and the boom box I had connected to it to watch some television with my computer’s TV tuner. Whilst in the middle of a particularly exciting episode of “Law & Order”, my stereo soon started to make some rather horrible noises. In a matter of moments, the RCA brand stereo that I had been using for almost 3 years to crank the tunes out of my iMac finally cut out completely, leaving me in a silent dorm room filling with the smell of burning electronics.

After taking apart the stereo, I quickly realized that I was in over my head. Like so many other things in this day and age, my stereo was not designed to be repaired, but rather to be thrown away and replaced. At the end of the semester, I put the stereo’s gutted carcass in the recycling bin on my dorm room floor, but hung onto the speakers, figuring I could buy a new amplifier instead. Unfortunately, according to my dad, a major audiophile himself, buying a new amplifier alone would set me back a pretty penny. The only other alternative would be to buy another boom box that would probably explode itself in another 3 years.

Fortunately, by a stroke of luck, this summer’s issue of MAKE Magazine (issue #23), contains a project called “Squelette, the Bare-Bones Amplifier”: a two-channel amplifier built from a pair of National Semiconductor LM1875 audio amplifier ICs and a number of discrete parts available from most RadioShacks with a well-stocked electronic parts aisle.  It was exactly what I was looking for.

Perhaps the only quibble I had with the BBA, however, was its use of perf board for a base.  Perf board is that printed circuit board material with all those grid holes in it and those solder pads that just don’t take solder all that well (at least for me they don’t).  Not only do I not like working with perf board, but I have become somewhat addicted to using EAGLE to make my own boards and have them fabricated by companies like BatchPCB or Gold Phoenix (an unfortunate side effect of my last project).

Today, I am pleased to present my schematic and board layout for my version of the MAKE Magazine Bare-Bones Amplifier, which I will soon be submitting to BatchPCB for fabrication.  You can find the files, along with a bill of materials and other important documents, here. Please note, however, that there are no instructions provided.  You can find instructions for building the amplifier in MAKE Magazine Issue #23.

My plan for my amplifier is to mount it inside a wooden box with a brass or aluminum bottom and back to help cool both the ICs and the transformer.  A light coat of stain and some varnish, perhaps a Plexiglas lid, and I will have a stereo again.  More importantly, I’ll have a stereo that I can fix myself and is supposed to sound exceptionally good.

EDIT: I decided to post my progress on the discussion board for the amplifier article.  The author of the article, Ross Hershberger, saw my board layout and had this to say:

Thanks for your interest in this article and for the work that you put into adapting it to your needs. I don’t have the reader to look at your PCB layouts. I want to warn about one thing. NatSemi is very specific about the handling of the grounds in the circuit. They specify star grounding to a central point for the power supply and audio circuit grounds. The input ground reference, power supply bypass caps, feedback, etc. should all have their currents carried to the 0V star ground on separate leads. The manufacturer warns that mixing currents could lead to noise, distortion and instability. Typical PCB ground plane practice allows currents to interact in unpredictable ways. The chip has an open loop gain of 90dbs and any spurious signals on the input or feedback circuits could be amplified.

Good thing I didn’t send the files off for fabrication yet.  I have to remove the ground plane and replace it with individual, dedicated lines between each grounded device and the two pins between the two 4700μF capacitors, or I’ll end up amplifying electrical noise as well.  This would be so much easier if they only taught printed circuit board design at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

Categories: Projects
Tags: ,
Aug
29